Anglo Irish Agreement 1998
10. In addition to the structures provided for by this agreement, it is open to two or more members to develop bilateral or multilateral agreements between them. These agreements could include, subject to the agreement of the members concerned, mechanisms for consultation, cooperation and joint decision-making on issues of mutual interest; mechanisms for implementing the common decisions they can reach. These rules are not subject to prior approval by the BIC as a whole and will operate independently of them. Strategically, the agreement showed that the British Government recognized as legitimate the Republic`s desire to have an interest in northern Ireland`s affairs, and it also showed trade unionists that by being present in the House of Commons, they could not veto British policy towards Ulster. The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, as it was concluded on Good Friday on 10 April 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of northern Ireland`s political parties on how to govern Northern Ireland. Discussions that led to the agreement have focused on issues that have led to conflict in recent decades. The aim was to form a new de-defyed government for Northern Ireland, where unionists and nationalists would share power.
One of them, Enoch Powell, accused Mrs Thatcher of “treason” the day before the agreement was signed. 4. All decisions are taken by mutual agreement between the two governments. Governments will make determined efforts to resolve disputes between them. There will be no exception to the sovereignty of either government. Such an attempt had already been made in 1973. In Northern Ireland, a power-sharing executive of Irish nationalists and trade unionists was established and Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave participated in discussions with British Prime Minister Edward Heath, which resulted in the Sunningdale Agreement. This agreement recognised that Northern Ireland`s relations with Great Britain could not be changed without the agreement of the majority of its population and provided for the creation of a Council of Ireland composed of both members of the D`il (the lower chamber of the Irish legislature) and the Northern Ireland Assembly. This agreement failed in May 1974 because of a general strike inspired by Unionist opponents of power-sharing. The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. A lot of people have made a great contribution.
Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were the leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland at the time. The presidency was chaired by U.S. Special Envoy George Mitchell.  This shameful legacy of the British government – the 1974 Unionist veto – was unfortunately anchored by Harold Wilson, Merlyn Rees and Roy Mason and was only redeemed in 1985 by the joint efforts of FitzGerald and Thatcher and in 1998 by those of Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair.