Korean American Free Trade Agreement
While the treaty was signed on June 30, 2007, ratification was slowed when President George W. Bush`s accelerated trade authority ended and a Democratic Party-controlled Congress raised objections to the treaty regarding concerns about bilateral trade in automobiles and beef in the United States. Nearly three years later, on June 26, 2010, President Barack Obama and President Lee Myung-bak reaffirmed their commitment to the treaty and said they would order their governments to resolve the remaining obstacles to the agreement by November 2010.  The agreement was ratified by the United States on October 12, 2011, with the Senate having passed it 83-15 and the House of Representatives 278-151.  It was ratified by the South Korean National Assembly on 22 November 2011 by 151 votes in, 7 against and 12 abstentions.  The agreement came into force in March 2012.  A new renegotiation took place between the end of 2017 and the end of March 2018, when an agreement was reached between the two governments.  President Trump and his Korean counterpart Moon Jae-in spoke for the first time about a korUS renegotiation at the U.S.-Korea summit in June 2017. Shortly thereafter, the U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer, requested the convening of a special meeting of the KorUS Joint Committee.8 The special session took place in August, but could not find a solution. At the time, press reports indicated that Trump was indicating a possible U.S. exit from the agreement.9 After a new meeting in October, the two sides agreed to begin the process of amending the agreement.10 While the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement received much greater attention, a lesser-known U.S.
trade agreement was also revised. In April 2017, President Trump expressed his displeasure to the United States. The free trade agreements (commonly known as “KORUS”) and stated, “This was a Hillary Clinton disaster, an agreement that should never have been reached.” 1 Trump said he told the South Koreans: “We are either going to resign or negotiate. We can quit. 2 This set the record for a relatively unnoticed trade renegotiation that became Trump`s first trade deal. In the latter half of 2008, U.S. officials expressed confidence in the approval of the trade agreement after the November 4 election.  On October 12, 2011, the U.S. Congress approved the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement. On October 21, 2011, the President of the United States signed an agreement on the implementation of the agreement. On November 22, 2011, the Korean National Assembly approved the free trade agreement between the United States and Korea.
The U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement came into force on March 15, 2012. KORUS 2.0 is usually only an optimization of the original KORUS, but contains some notable modifications. Some issues were treated as amendments to the original KORUS, while others, which were not included in the original, were negotiated in the form of ancillary agreements guaranteed by exchanges of letters between the parties. Among the changes requested by the United States were restrictions on steel exports, a higher quota of U.S. cars exported to Korea, which correspond to the United States.