Withdrawal Agreement European Council
The Council prepared the Extraordinary European Council (Article 50) of the EU-27, scheduled for Sunday 25 November 2018, and spoke on draft political declarations on future relations between the EU and the UK. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. President Tusk presented guidelines on the framework for the EU`s post-Brexit relations with the UK. “It should come as no surprise that the only remaining model is a free trade agreement,” he said of future economic relations, given the UK`s current position. He also proposed that the two sides continue their joint fight against terrorism and that urgent talks be launched to avoid disruptions to flights between Britain and the EU. He invited the UK to participate in EU research and education programmes. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s desire to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, deep and flexible partnership on trade and economic cooperation with the EU, with a free trade agreement with the EU, in addition to security agreements and other areas of cooperation. EU-27 heads of state and government will meet on 10 April 2019 to discuss the latest developments on Brexit. Faced with the rejection of the withdrawal agreement by the House of Commons, I have decided to convene a European Council on 10 April,” confirmed President Donald Tusk on 29 March, after the vote in the House of Commons.
The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019.