Withdrawal Agreement Task Force 50
What`s going on now? The European Council will have to adopt the EU draft for the negotiation of a possible new agreement. The existing agreement – the withdrawal agreement – came into force on 1 February 2020. Under the withdrawal agreement, there is a transitional period until 31 December 2020. This transition period may be longer than at the end of this year, but the UK is expected to apply for an extension and the UK has said it will not do so. In addition, the United Kingdom has passed legislation through national legislation to say that it may not seek an extension. The EU, for its part, says that negotiating such a huge and unprecedented deal in less than 11 months would be quite a challenge. If passed, the bill would be an “extremely serious violation” of the withdrawal agreement and international law. The withdrawal agreement would enter into force on 1 February 2020 at 00:00 (GMT-1). On 29 March 2017, Theresa May, then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, wrote to european Council President Donald Tusk triggering Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, triggering the process for a member state to leave the EU. The Article 50 procedure provides for a two-year period for the negotiation of a withdrawal agreement which should take into account future relations between the EU and the outgoing Member State. At the request of the United Kingdom, the Article 50 deadline was finally extended until 31 January 2020. On 17 October 2019, the EU and the UK agreed on the text of a withdrawal agreement, which was unanimously approved by the European Council. The Special Protocol for Northern Ireland attached to the Withdrawal Agreement guarantees the integrity of the EU internal market; at the same time, it ensures that there are no controls at the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland and that the Good Friday Agreement remains fully in force.
The protocol provides that Northern Ireland remains part of the UK`s customs territory, but that all relevant provisions of the EU internal market apply in Northern Ireland, as does the EU customs code. Checks and customs collection will be carried out at ports of entry on the Irish island of Innordirland. The EU expressed hope that the UK would publish its draft agreement. The good news is that the parties have two issues: equal conditions of competition and fishing. The bad news is that the parties seem to have two different views on what has been accomplished. It is always possible for the parties to reach an agreement. It is quite possible that the UK will accept in a level playing field and the EU will make concessions in the fishing sector. Objective observers can find out who would get the biggest business. This is no different from the position of Switzerland, which is constantly negotiating agreements with the EU.